Course Offerings

Threat Awareness

The objective of this 8-hour course is to provide students a process and tool to more systematically observe and assess their environment and identify potential threats.

This course is also available online.

Our process is designed to increase observer safety and mitigate risk. These observation and assessment techniques apply to a wide variety of situations, including controlled narcotics buys, border surveillance, routine law enforcement patrols, providing security at mass gatherings, and safety of employees and property in the workplace. These techniques are applicable to both personal observation and electronic monitoring/camera surveillance.

Based on social science research, the Second Sight Training Systems (SSTS) baselining process and tool allows the observer to focus their attention from a crowd to an individual or group of individuals displaying behaviors that may be a threat or suspicious in nature. Through early identification, a preemptive action can mitigate a threat to persons or property.

As part of this course, we teach specific behaviors and combinations of behaviors which may indicate a person is carrying a weapon, trying to avoid detection, or is a threat. This course is instructed by practitioners who participated in the social science research from which the course is based. It includes lectures, practical exercises, and group discussions. We conduct a variety of skill-based assessments and provide feedback to ensure that participants are absorbing the material.


Law enforcement, military, and security are often tasked to observe and interact with those that are deemed a threat. Behavioral observation and assessment must occur throughout this encounter. At SSTS, we call this an interdiction.

An interdiction between an authority figure and a Person of Interest (POI) may include a verbal conversation between a security guard and a customer at a shopping center. It may also be a proactive stop by a police officer of a person believed to be carrying a weapon.  An interdiction is dynamic and requires constant assessment, action and reaction.

Our Interdiction course builds upon the initial 8-hour threat awareness course. The objective of this 32-hour course is to provide students tools and techniques to conduct a safe and effective interdiction while conducting constant behavioral observation and assessment. This course is relevant to any police, security, or military personnel who has a mission to approach and engage with members of the public.

At SSTS, we believe an interdiction can be understood as a standardized sequence of events. To facilitate behavioral observation and the execution of safe and effective interdictions, we developed the Universal Interdiction Framework (UIF) to describe a law enforcement civilian interaction. The UIF captures the dynamic and iterative decision-making process of observations, assessments, predictions, planning, and actions which we found occur during an interdiction.  As a teaching tool, the UIF helps facilitate efficient, legal and safe interdictions.

This is a 32-hour instructor-led course. It includes the initial 8-hour Threat Awareness course with an additional 24 hours of classroom instruction and role playing exercises. We provide a variety of skill-based assessments to ensure our students are learning the material.